The following list contains the vocabulary of DiLEO. Both lists, the first one for the entities and the second for the relationships, are organized in alphabetical order.


Entities

dileo:Activity

Activity (A): The set of critical actions performed for useful purposes of the evaluation. All activities have the purpose process evaluation data and to transform them to information.
Subclass of: Thin

dileo:Age

Age (hmnca): The feature that designates which age is a subject of human nature.
Subclass of: dileo:Human_Agents_Characteristics

dileo:Analyze

Analyze (anlz): The activity of analyzing evaluation data.
Subclass of: dileo:Activity

dileo:Appellations

Appellations (AP): The set of names and labels to identify constructs or refer to them in the ontology.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Characteristics

Characteristics (CH): The set of distinctive and identifying features and properties.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Compare

Compare (comp): The activity of comparing two evaluation data instances.
Subclass of: dileo:Activity

dileo:Comparison_Studies

Comparison Studies (cmst): Studies that collate features of dimensions with the help of specific means and metrics.
Subclass of: dileo:Means

dileo:Content

Content (cnt): The set of digital assets in a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:System

dileo:Content_Level

Content Level (cntl): Τhe facet that denotes the content aspect of a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Levels

dileo:Content_Originated

Content Originated (cnto): The set of metrics that have their root of interest in digital library content.
Subclass of: dileo:Metrics

dileo:Cost

Cost (cst): The economic aspects of an evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Factors

dileo:Count_Human_Agents

Count – Human Agents (hmncc): A set of subjects of human nature that took part in the evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Human_Agents_Characteristics

dileo:Count_Machine_Agents

Count – Machine Agents (mcncc): The set of mechanical subjects in an evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Machine_Agents_Characteristics

dileo:Criteria

Criteria (C): The set of principles with which an object is evaluated.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Criteria_Categories

Criteria Categories (CC): Classes of criteria that coherently group them.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Data

Data (dat): The bitstream representation of an intellectual work. This representation can be in textual, visual, audio and their derivative formats.
Subclass of: dileo:Content

dileo:Describe

Describe (dscr): The goal to outline the state of the digital library in a given time fracture.
Subclass of: dileo:Goals

dileo:Design

Design (desg): The goal to forward the design of a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Goals

dileo:Devices

Devices (devc): Technical devices that are needed to perform specific evaluation activities.
Subclass of: dileo:Instruments

dileo:Dimensions

Dimensions (D): The scope of evaluation activities, designated by the purpose, the means and the outcomes of the evaluation itself.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Dimensions_Type

Dimensions Type (DT): Types of dimensions designated by temporal characteristics.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Discipline

Discipline (hmncd): The feature that designates what is the scientific field of a subject of human nature.
Subclass of: dileo:Human_Agents_Characteristics

dileo:Document

Document (docm): The goal to justify the actions performed in regard to the development or the operation of the digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Goals

dileo:Effectiveness

Effectiveness (efct): The dimension that studies the outcomes of a process in regard to its inputs.
Subclass of: dileo:Dimensions

dileo:Engineering_Level

Engineering Level (engl): Τhe facet that denotes the engineering aspect of a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Levels

dileo:Experience_Human_Agents

Experience – Human Agents (hmnce): The feature that designates how experienced is a subject of human nature.
Subclass of: dileo:Human_Agents_Characteristics

dileo:Expert_Studies

Expert Studies (exst): Studies that measure properties of dimensions from experienced evaluators.
Subclass of: dileo:Means

dileo:Factors

Factors (F): Variables that influence the process of evaluating a digital library. Factors are external to the operation of the digital library, but internal to the digital library project.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Field_Studies

Field Studies (flst): Studies that capture and/or measure data of subject and object activity in natural environments.
Subclass of: dileo:Means

dileo:Findings

Findings (FN): Data generated or discovered as a result of the evaluation process.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Formative

Formative (fmtv): The type of dimension that designates a synchronous and parallel to the development of a digital library evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Dimensions_Type

dileo:Functionalities

Functionalities (fnc): The services provided by a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:System

dileo:Goals

Goals (G): The reasons to carry out an evaluation activity. It answers why one needs or wants to evaluate. All goals aim to improve the operation or the product.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Human_Agents

Human Agents (hmn): All acting entities of human nature in a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Subjects

Dileo:Human_Agents_Characteristics

Human Agents Characteristics (hmnc): The set of distinctive and identifying features and characteristics of digital library subjects that have human nature.
Subclass of: dileo:Characteristics

dileo:Individual_Level

Individual Level (indl): Τhe facet that denotes the aspect of a single interacting entity of human nature.
Subclass of: dileo:Levels

dileo:Infrastructure

Infrastructure (ifr): A set of tools, software, equipment and facilities that was needed to perform an evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Factors

dileo:Institutional_Level

Institutional Level (insl): Τhe facet that denotes the activities and the effects on an institutional unit.
Subclass of: dileo:Levels

dileo:Instruments

Instruments (I): The set of tools, artifacts or cognitive structures that facilitate some kind of activity.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Interface_Level

Interface Level (infl): Τhe facet that denotes the interface that carries the dialogue between subjects and the digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Levels

dileo:Interface

Interface (inf): The channel that carries the dialogue between subjects and the digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:System

dileo:Interpret

Interpret (intp): The activity of transforming evaluation data into information.
Subclass of: dileo:Activity

dileo:Iterative

Iterative (itrv): The type of dimension that designates the repetative nature of the evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Dimensions_Type

dileo:Laboratory_Studies

Laboratory Studies (lbst): Studies that capture and/or measure data of subject and object activity in controlled testing environments.
Subclass of: dileo:Means

dileo:Levels

Levels (L): The facet on which the evaluation focuses. These fields are in a layered form, representing different ‘strata’ that range from low level, technical, to high level, social. Levels in DiLEO are divided according to Saracevic’s listing.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:LoggingStudies

Logging Studies (lgst): Studies that capture data of subject and object activity via logging mechanisms.
Subclass of: dileo:Means

dileo:Machine_Agents

Machine Agents (mcn): All acting entities of mechanical nature in a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Subjects

dileo:Machine_Agents_Characteristics

Machine Agents Characteristics (mcnc): The set of distinctive and identifying features and properties of digital library subjects that have mechanical nature.
Subclass of: dileo:Characteristics

dileo:Means

Means (M): The set of techniques and methods with which one subject collects and analyzes data, and reports information in an evaluation activity.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Means_Type

Means Type (MT): The type of the means.
Subclass of:Thing

dileo:Measure

Measure (mesr): The activity of measuring dimensions of the interaction of a subject with the object.
Subclass of: dileo:Activity

dileo:Metadata

Metadata (mdt): All relevant information to identify a unit of data. Metadata can be a) created by authority subjects, such as librarians, archivists and so on, b) dynamically by the system in the form of search results, and c) by the subjects of the digital library in the forms of tags and annotations.
Subclass of: dileo:Content

dileo:Metrics

Metrics (MTR): Measurement units that are needed to establish a distance between the two states, the expressed (actual) and the ideal (sought-after) one.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Narrative_Items

Narrative Items (nrvi): Oral or written statements have instrumental role in evaluation studies.
Subclass of: dileo:Instruments

dileo:Object

Object (O): The digital library system – and its partitions – of interest.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Object_Characteristics

Object Characteristics (och): The set of distinctive and identifying features and properties of digital library objects.
Subclass of: dileo:Characteristics

dileo:Object_Count

Object Count (occ): The number of digital library objects in a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Object_Characteristics

dileo:Object_Identifier

Object identifier (obid): The identifier of a digital library object that is the focus of a particular study.
Subclass of: dileo:Appellations

dileo:Object_Item_Type

Item Type – Object (oct): The feature of a digital library object that designates the type of a digital library object.
Subclass of: dileo:Object_Characteristic

dileo:Object_Services_Kind

Services Kind – Object (ock): The feature of a digital library functionality that designates its type.
Subclass of: dileo:Object_Characteristics

dileo:Operation

Operation (oprt): A concept representing actions within a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Objects

dileo:Outcomes_Assessment

Outcomes assessment (octa): The dimension that studies the impact of the digital library operation on a long-term basis.
Subclass of: dileo:Dimensions

dileo:Perception_Metrics

Perception metrics (prcm): The type of metrics that collect data about the perception that the subjects of a digital library express.
Subclass of: dileo:User_Originated

dileo:Performance_Measurement

Performance measurement (prfm): The dimension that studies the efficiency of a digital library system during its operation.
Subclass of: dileo:Dimensions

dileo:Personnel

Personnel (prs): The persons that were needed to perform an evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Factors

dileo:Personnel_Count

Count – Personnel (prsc): The number of persons that were needed to perform an evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Personnel

dileo:Personnel_Experience

Experience – Personnel (prse): The level of experience that persons performing an evaluation possess.
Subclass of: dileo:Personnel

dileo:Processing_Level

Processing Level (prcl): Τhe facet that denotes the aspects of the processing functionalities and services in a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Levels

dileo:Product

Product (prdc): The concept that represents finished artifacts and software mechanisms in a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Objects

dileo:Profession

Profession (hmncp): The feature that designates what is the professional property of a subject of human nature.
Subclass of: dileo:Human_Agents_Characteristics

dileo:Quantitative

Quantitative (qntv): The type of means employed in an evaluation that conforms to principles of quantitative research.
Subclass of: dileo:Means_Type

dileo:Qualitative

Qualitative (qltv): The type of means employed in an evaluation that conforms to principles of qualitative research.
Subclass of: dileo:Means_Type

dileo:Recommend

Recommend (recm): The activity of forwarding specific suggestions of improvement based on evaluation information.
Subclass of: dileo:Activity

dileo:Record

Record (rcrd): The activity of capturing part or whole of the interaction of a subject with the object.
Subclass of: dileo:Activity

dileo:Report

Report (rprt): The activity of publishing information coming from an evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Activity

dileo:Report_Metrics

Report Metrics (rptm): The type of metrics that collect data about facts that the subjects of a digital library report.
Subclass of: dileo:User_Originated

dileo:Research_Artifacts

Research Artifacts (rsar): Conceptual or apt artifacts that are needed to perform specific evaluation activities.
Subclass of: dileo:Instruments

dileo:Research_Questions

Research Questions (RQ): The set of statements that guide the research design and frame the evaluation process.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Role

Role (mcncr): The role of a subject of mechanical nature.
Subclass of: dileo:Machine_Agents_Characteristics

dileo:Scales

Scales (scal): The research construct that allows subject express preferences, perceptions or opinions in a structured way.
Subclass of: dileo:Instruments

dileo:Service_Quality

Service Quality (srql): The dimension that studies how effective is perceived the delivery of services and deployment of functionalities from the subjects in a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Dimensions

dileo:Sex

Sex (hmncx): The gender of the subjects taking part in the evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Human_Agents_Characteristics

dileo:Size

Size (ocz): The feature of a digital library object that designates its proportions.
Subclass of: dileo:Object_Characteristics

dileo:Personnel_Skills

Skills – Personnel (prss): The level of skills and competencies that persons performing an evaluation possess.
Subclass of: dileo:Personnel

dileo:Social_Level

Social Level (socl): Τhe facet that denotes the activities and the effects on social groups.
Subclass of: dileo:Levels

dileo:Software

Software (sftw): Software that is needed to perform specific evaluation activities.
Subclass of: dileo:Instruments

dileo:Specific_Aims

Specific Aims (spca): The set of criteria that have been developed in specific contexts and for case-specific purposes.
Subclass of: dileo:Criteria

dileo:Standards

Standards (stnd): The set of principles that ascertain a level of quality.
Subclass of: dileo:Criteria

dileo:Statistics

Statistics (stat): Methods and techniques of quantitative data analysis.
Subclass of: dileo:Instruments

dileo:Study_Identifier

Study Identifier (stid): The unique identifier in the DiLEO knowledge base for a single publication.
Subclass of: dileo:Appellations

dileo:Study_Reference

Study Reference (strf): Information needed to identify the study in terms of bibliographical description.
Subclass of: dileo:Appellations

dileo:Subject

Subject (S): The entities that participate in the evaluation activity as essential constituents of the operation or the product. Subjects are indirectly assessed, as every kind of recording ought to reflect to system or content improvements.
Subclass of: Thing

dileo:Subject_Characteristics

Subject Characteristics (sch): The set of distinctive and identifying features and properties of digital library subjects.
Subclass of: dileo:Characteristics

dileo:Summative

Summative (smtv): The type of dimension that designates an evaluation in the conclusion of the development of a digital library or during its actual operation.
Subclass of: dileo:Dimensions_Type

dileo:Survey_Studies

Survey Studies (svst): Studies that capture and/or measure data of subject activity or preference.
Subclass of: dileo:Means

dileo:System

System (stm): The sum of all parts of the digital library system.
Subclass of: dileo:Operation

dileo:System_Originated

System Originated (stmo): The set of metrics that have their root of interest in digital library system.
Subclass of: dileo:Metrics

dileo:Technical_Excellence

Technical Excellence (tecx): The dimension that studies the aspects of improvement in the design of a digital library.
Subclass of: dileo:Dimensions

dileo:Technology

Technology (tec): The technological artifacts that comprise of the digital library in a technical level.
Subclass of: dileo:System

dileo:Time

Time (tim): The time that was needed to perform an evaluation.
Subclass of: dileo:Factors

dileo:Toolkits

Toolkits (tlkt): The set of means and instruments for benchmarking and comparison of certain objects.
Subclass of: dileo:Criteria

dileo:Use_Of_Content

Use of Content (uoc): The operation of the digital library content by a subject.
Subclass of: dileo:Operation

dileo:Use_Of_Data

Use of Data (uocdat): The operation of the digital library data by a subject.
Subclass of: dileo:Use_of_Content

dileo:Use_Of_Functionalities

Use of Functionalities (uosfnc): The operation of the digital library services by a subject.
Subclass of: dileo:Use_of_System

dileo:Use_Of_Interface

Use of Interface (uosinf): The operation of the digital library interface by a subject.
Subclass of: dileo:Use_of_System

dileo:Use_Of_Metadata

Use of Metadata (uocmtd): The operation of the digital library metadata by a subject.
Subclass of: dileo:Use_of_Content

dileo:Use_Of_System

Use of System (uos): The operation of the digital library system by a subject.
Subclass of: dileo:Operation

dileo:Use_Of_Technology

Use of Technology (uostec): The operation of the digital library technological infrastructure by a subject.
Subclass of: dileo:Use_of_System

dileo:User_Originated

User Originated (usro): The set of metrics that have their root of interest in digital library subjects of human nature.
Subclass of: dileo:Metrics


Relationships

dileo:isCitedIn
Domain: dileo:Study_Identifier
Range: dileo:Study_Reference
Inverse: dileo:isCiting

dileo:hasDimensionsType
Domain: dileo:Dimensions
Range: dileo:Dimensions_Type

dileo:isAffecting
Domain: dileo:Dimensions
Range: dileo:Levels
Inverse: dileo:isAffectedBy

dileo:hasConstituent
Domain: dileo:Dimensions
Range: dileo:Activities
Inverse: dileo:isConstituting

dileo:isSupporting
Domain: dileo:Instruments
Range: dileo:Activities
Inverse: dileo:isSupportedBy

dileo:hasPerformed
Domain: dileo:Means
Range: dileo:Activities
Inverse: dileo:isPerformedIn

dileo:hasSelected
Domain: dileo:Means
Range: dileo:Criteria
Inverse: dileo:isSelectedIn

dileo:hasMeansType
Domain: dileo:Means
Range: dileo:Means_Type

dileo:isMeasuredBy
Domain: dileo:Metrics
Range: dileo:Criteria
Inverse: isMeasuring

dileo:hasInitiatedFrom
Domain: dileo:Metrics
Range: dileo:Levels

dileo:isUsedIn
Domain: dileo:Instruments
Range: dileo:Means
Inverse: dileo:isUsing

dileo:isCharacterizing
Domain: dileo:Characteristics
Range: dileo:Object, dileo:Subject
inverse: isCharacterizedBy

dileo:isGrouped
Domain: dileo:Criteria
Range: dileo:Criteria_Categories
inverse: dileo:isGrouping

dileo:isReportedIn
Domain: dileo:Findings
Range: dileo:Report
inverse: dileo:isReporting

dileo:isReferringTo
Domain: dileo:Study_Identifier
Range: dileo:Object_Identifier

dileo:isStudying
Domain: dileo:Study_Identifier
Range: dileo:Dimensions

dileo:isFocusingOn
Domain: dileo:Dimensions
Range: dileo:Object

dileo:isAimingAt
Domain: dileo:Dimensions
Range: dileo:Goals

dileo:isAddressing
Domain: dileo:Findings
Range: dileo:Research_Questions

dileo:isDependingOn
Domain: dileo:Means
Range: dileo:Factors

dileo:isAppliedTo
Domain: dileo:Means
Range: dileo:Object

dileo:isOperatedBy
Domain: dileo:Object
Range: dileo:Subject
Inverse: dileo:isOperating

dileo:isParticipatingIn
Domain: dileo:Subject
Range: dileo:Means

dileo:isDecomposedTo
Domain: dileo:Dimensions
Range: dileo:Research_Questions
Inverse: dileo:isBelongingTo

dileo:isSubjectTo
Domain: dileo:Activities
Range: dileo:Factors

dileo:isReflectedOn
Domain: dileo:Research_Questions
Range: dileo:Criteria

dileo:isPresupposing
Domain: dileo:Instruments
Range: dileo:Metrics